What science says about energy healing modalities?

[1] Alarcão, Z., Fonseca, J.R.S. (2016) The effect of Reiki therapy on quality of life of patients with blood cancer: Results from a randomized controlled trial, European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 8 (3): 239–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2015.12.003.

[2] Bael, S.G., Bae, M.J. (2019) Analysis of Health-healing Effects According to Acoustic Signal Characteristics in psychoacoustic, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 12 (11): 2057-2060. https://www.ripublication.com/irph/ijert19/ijertv12n11_36.pdf.

[3] Bidin, L., Pigaiani, L., Casini, M., Seghini, P., Cavanna, L. (2016) Feasibility of a trial with Tibetan Singing Bowls, and suggested benefits in metastatic cancer patients. A pilot study in an Italian Oncology Unit, European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 8 (5): 747–755. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2016.06.003.

[4] Birocco, N., Guillame, C., Storto, S., Ritorto, G., Catino, C., Nisha Gir, N., Balestra, L., Tealdi, G., Orecchia, C., De Vito, G., Giaretto, L., Donadio, M., Bertetto, O., Schena,  M., Ciuffreda, L. (2012) The effects of Reiki therapy on pain and anxiety in patients attending a day oncology and infusion services unit, American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine 29 (4): 290-294. doi:10.1177/1049909111420859.

[5] Catlin, A., Taylor-Ford, R.L. (2011) Investigation of Standard Care Versus Sham Reiki Placebo Versus Actual Reiki Therapy to Enhance Comfort and Well-Being in a Chemotherapy Infusion Center, Oncology Nursing Forum., 38 (3). doi: 10.1188/11.ONF.E212-E220.

[6] Chaudhary, K. (2020) Sound medicine: how to harness the power of sound to heal the mind and body, 272 pp.

[7] Cotoia, A., Dibello, F., Moscatelli, F., Sciusco, A., Polito, P., Modolo, A., Gallo, C., Cibelli, G., Cinnella, G. (2018) Effects of Tibetan Music on Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Functions in Patients Waiting for Surgery: A Randomized, Controlled Study, Anesthesiology Research and Practice, Mar. 5, 8 pp. doi: 10.1155/2018/9683780.

[8] Dispenza, J. (2013) Breaking the habit of being yourself: how to lose your mind and create a new one, Carlsbad, Hay House, 329 pp.

[9] Dogan, M.D. (2018) The effect of reiki on pain: A meta-analysis, Complement Ther. Clin Pract., May 31: 384-387. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.02.020.

[10] Eileen Day McKusick (2014) Tuning the human biofield. Healing with vibrational sound therapy, Healing Arts Press, 252p.

[11] Fleisher, K. A., Mackenzie, E.R., Frankel, E.S., Seluzicki, C., Casarett, M.D., Mao, J.J. (2014) Integrative Reiki for Cancer Patients: A Program Evaluation, Integrative Cancer Therapies,13 (1) 62–67. doi: 10.1177/1534735413503547.

[12] Goldsby, T.L.., Goldsby, M.E., McWalters, M., Mills, P.J. (2017) Effects of Singing Bowl Sound Meditation on Mood, Tension, and Well-being: An Observational Study, J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med., 22 (3): 401-406. doi: 10.1177/2156587216668109.

[13] Hammerschlag, R., Levin, M., McCraty, R., Bat, N., Ives, J.A., Lutgendorf, S.K., Oschman, J.L. (2015) Biofield Physiology: A Framework for an Emerging Discipline, Global Adv. Health Med. 4 (suppl): 35-41. doi:10.7453/gahmj.2015.015.suppl.

[14] Heather, S. (2001) The Healing Power of Sound, listed in sound and music, originally published in issue 64 - May 2001. https://www.positivehealth.com/article/sound-and-music/the-healing-power-of-sound.

[15] Heather, S. (2007) What is sound healing? Wholistic Healing Publications, 7 (3). https://www.simonheather.co.uk/pages/articles/ijhc_article.pdf.

[16] Hufford, D.J., Sprengel, M., Ives, J.A., Jonas, W. (2015) Barriers to the Entry of Biofield Healing Into “Mainstream”, Healthcare. Global Adv. Health Med., 4 (suppl): 79-88. doi: 10.7453/gahmj.2015.025.suppl.

[17] Jain, S., Daubenmier, J., Muehsam, D., Rapgay, L., Chopra, D. (2015) Indo-Tibetan Philosophical and Medical Systems: Perspectives on the Biofield, Global Adv. Health Med, 4 (suppl): 16-24. doi: 10.7453/gahmj.2015.026.suppl.

[18] Jain, S., Mills, P.J. (2010). Biofield Therapies: Helpful or Full of Hype? A Best Evidence Synthesis, Int. J. Behav. Med., 17 (1): 1–16. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK78781.

[19] Mackay, N., Hansen, S., McFarlane, M.A. (2004) Autonomic Nervous System Changes During Reiki Treatment: A Preliminary Study, The Journal of Alternative and Complementaty Medicine, 10 (6), 1077-1081. http://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2004.10.1077.

[20] McCraty,R. (2003) The Energetic Heart: Bioelectromagnetic Interactions Within and Between People, Institute of HeartMath Expanding Heart Connections, The Energetic Heart GCI Edition, 21 pp.

[21] McKusick, E. D. (2014) Tuning the Human Biofield – Healing with vibrational sound therapy, 359 pp.

[22] McManus, D.E. (2017) Reiki Is Better Than Placebo and Has Broad Potential as a Complementary Health Therapy, Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 22 (4): 1051-1057. doi: 10.1177/2156587217728644.

[23] Miles, P., True, G. (2003) Reiki-review of a biofield therapy, history, theory, practice and research, Altern. Ther. Health Med., 9 (2): 62-72. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12652885.

[24] Muehsam, D., Ventura, C. (2014) Life Rhythm as a Symphony of Oscillatory Patterns:  Electromagnetic Energy and Sound Vibration Modulates Gene Expression for Biological Signaling and Healing, Global Adv. Health Med., 3 (2): 40-55. doi: 10.7453/gahmj.2014.008.

[25] Orsak, G., Stevens, A.M., Brufsky, A., Kajumba, M., Dougall, A.L. (2015) The Effects of Reiki Therapy and Companionship on Quality of Life, Mood, and Symptom Distress During Chemotherapy, J Evid. Based Complementary Altern. Med., 20(1): 20-27. doi: 10.1177/2156587214556313.

[26] Prakash, S., Chowdhury, A.R., Gupta, A. (2015) Monitoring the Human Health by Measuring the Biofield "Aura": An Overview. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 10 (3).


[27] Rindfleisch, J.A. (2010) Biofield Therapies: Energy Medicine and Primary Care, Prim Care. 2010 Mar., 37 (1): 165-79. doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2009.09.012.

[28] Rubik, B. (2004) Scientific analysis of the human aura. In: Konstantin G. Korotkov (Ed.). Measuring Energy Fields: Current Research – Backbone Publishing Co. Fair Lawn, USA, pp.157-170.

[29] Rubik, B., Muehsam, D., Hammerschlag, R., Jain, S. (2025) Biofield Science and Healing: History, Terminology, and Concepts. Global Adv Health Med. 4 (suppl): 8-14. doi: 10.7453/gahmj.2015.038.suppl.

[30] Segerstrom, S.C., Miller, G.E. (2004) Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry, Psychol Bull., Jul;130(4):601-30. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.130.4.601.

[31] Trivedi, G., Banshi, S. (2019) A Comparative Study of the Impact of Himalayan Singing Bowls and Supine Silence on Stress Index and Heart Rate Variability, Journal of Behaviour therapy and mental health, no. 2474-9273. doi: 10.14302/issn.2474-9273.jbtm-19-3027.

[32] https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/understanding-the-stress-response.

[33] Lipton, B. H. (2005). The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Mountain of Love/Elite Books, 313 pp.

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